More Rhee! Is Rhee-Week Now The New Precursor To School Choice Week?

Between the Students First report card, the Frontline documentary, and now a big front-page Sunday article in The Wash Post it really was Michelle Rhee week last week. Couple of quick notes on the article, which was quite good overall (and you also want to check out Rhee biographer Richard Whitmire’s take, also in the Wash Post, yesterday).

First, the storyline that Rhee rocketed from obscurity to celebrity is a convenient one, and who doesn’t love that arc, but it’s not quite right in this case.  Before coming to Washington D.C. she had founded, and was leading, The New Teacher Project (now TNTP).  It was her work there that caught the attention of analysts, policymakers, and school system leaders, in particular her willingness to dive into the data to change the typical trajectory of labor negotiations in big cities.  Her work in New York, for instance, had big ramifications.  It’s probably more accurate, and more boring, to say she moved from influential inside player to influential outside player.

Second, Rick Kahlenberg makes the tired point that Rhee’s ideas have already been put to the test in the American South.  Whatever you think of the merit of Rhee’s policy ideas this assertion is manifestly false for two reasons.  First, big picture, this is a popular talking point but everyone saying it either knows better but also realizes what a good talking point it is or shouldn’t be consulted as an expert on policy (in my view Kahlenberg is the former).  The reality is that schools in the south operate much like their counterparts elsewhere in terms  of day-to-day norms, salary scales, etc…They key difference is the extent to which various rules, regulations, and practices are codified in state law, teachers contracts, or memorandums of understanding etc…at the county/district level. In practice, if you were to blind taste test schools between different labor contexts (eg Maryland and Virginia for instance) you’d have a hard time knowing what state you’re in. And teachers unions/associations exert a great deal of political influence at the state level in the south – that’s why those things show up in state policy.  In addition, while I don’t think this is definitive at all, you could argue that one of the places some of Rhee’s ideas have  been tested is Florida via some of Jeb Bush’s education agenda and there are multiple points of evidence (national and international assessments, independent research, etc…)  that they, along with other policies, contributed to improvements there.

Kahlenberg also says that charter schools provide a counterpoint to Rhee’s policies because they have freedom but don’t get markedly different results, on average, than traditional public schools.  They don’t, but they also don’t all operate radically differently than most schools. Analytically, rather than the average, the key point from the evidence to date is this: The cluster of really high-performing charters do operate differently.  And guess what? They have a lot of common elements and many of those elements are ones that Rhee supports. Reasonable people can disagree on how replicable those elements are and what they mean for public policy as a result, but to say that charters overall are a test of Rhee’s ideas is simply false and a look at the best ones supports rather than undermines her position.  Students First has put itself out there with this new report card, in a few years the impact of their policy recommendations can be discussed in some empirical detail – so stay tuned.

Third, Fordham’s Mike Petrilli makes an important point when he says Rhee has engaged wealthy donors in ed politics in a way no one else has been able to.  You could extend that to say she’s engaged American elites in education reform in a way no one else has.  But, other individuals and groups, state and national, have made real inroads here and been successful at impacting politics as a result. Petrilli then says Rhee has “leveled the playing field in terms of campaign contributions and in terms of savvy.” The campaign contribution assertion isn’t true on the facts, with hard and soft money the unions still outspend Rhee, and education reformers more generally – and out-organize them at the state and local level, too.  But on the savvy point, we’ll see.  Right now education reform is like Iraq. Reformers gather in the “Green Zones” and talk about their savvy while most of the country is untouched or has resistors blowing things up at every opportunity. Meanwhile, the unions are happy paint themselves as victims, but despite the last few years they’re still the most successful victims I know! I don’t want to overstate it and, of course, in our democracy blocking change is easier than creating it (as we’re about to see on guns). Still, if reformers are so damn savvy then why do things look the way they do?

Finally, in the article’s kicker I make the point that there is a half-life to an organization built just around a person.  What I mean by that is when you look at successful organizations that stand the test of time (and founder transition) it can have a forceful leader but it also needs a reason to exist beyond that.  The example I use a lot on this issue while working with non-profits is the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, which has impact, is widely respected, and can hardly be described as merely an extension of its leader, Bob Greenstein, despite how instrumental he is in its success.  Rhee would be wise to study that and other similar examples.

A big part of the ruckus around Rhee stems from the basic logic that if you discredit her then you discredit Students First because the two are still so closely intertwined.  It’s why a big organization with millions of members like the American Federation of Teachers spends so much time obsessed with a relatively little organization like Students First and Rhee.  Students First is taking steps to address this with their policy work, the report card, etc…and Rhee’s critics seem to understand they’re in a race against the clock to knock all that down.  That’s why this probably isn’t the last Rhee Week we’ll have.

8 Responses to “More Rhee! Is Rhee-Week Now The New Precursor To School Choice Week?”

  1. Linda/RetiredTeacher Says:

    Ed “reform” is having a difficult time not because “the unions” oppose it, but because the people who provide education for the nation’s children oppose it.

    “When the largest stakeholders in any endeavor are seen as the opposition, you will fail.”

  2. PhillipMarlowe Says:

    Bill Ayers, who has had more effect (for better or worse) on American society than Michelle Rhee, weighs in on his old friend, Barack, and his failure to support American public education:

    The landscape of “educational reform” is currently littered with rubble and ruin and wreckage on all sides. Sadly, your administration has contributed significantly to the mounting catastrophe. You’re not alone: The toxic materials have been assembled as a bipartisan endeavor over many years, and the efforts of the last several administrations are now organized into a coherent push mobilized and led by a merry band of billionaires including Bill Gates, Michael Bloomberg, Sam Walton, and Eli Broad.

    http://truth-out.org/opinion/item/13813-bill-ayers-a-letter-to-the-president

  3. DaProfessor Says:

    Although Linda and I tend to disagree on a lot of things, I do agree with her that “reformers” (which I’ll broadly define as those that would like to see ed policy depart from the status quo orientation that more inputs $$$ are the answer) cannot actually fix things so long as teachers are the opposition. The reality is that teachers are “street level bureaucrats” in our maze of education. We rely on them to implement these reforms. If they don’t believe in them, they [the reforms] won’t succeed. There’s only 2 solutions. Either find a reform agenda that the unions support (I don’t have much faith in this – not because compromise can’t be reached but because the result will be watered down namby pampby). Or, option 2: figure out how to change the profession by recruiting in a different TYPE of teacher. This will require paying teachers like investment bankers. You want to staff your schools with the top third graduates a la Singapore, you gotta pony up. Nothing in the U.S. says prestige but greenbacks.

  4. PhillipMarlowe Says:

    As always, the best part of any Richard Whitmire hagiography in the Post is the take down he gets in the comment section. Here is today’s WWF smack down:

    The 1/12/13 WaPo editorial http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/dc-schools-
    And Whitmire’s new column http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/rhee-had-he
    claim “significant” or “unique” NAEP gains at DCPS during Rhee’s time here. While every district’s NAEP results are “unique” to that area, there is nothing “significant” about DC’s gains.

    While there were some math increases in the 2011 NAEP, the increases are mainly less significant than previous recent math increases. For instance 4th grade math scores increased 3 percentage points (219 to 222) from ’09 to ’11. This is down from a five point increase between ’07 and ’09 (214 to 219) and is equal to or lower than increases in previous years (3 points between ’05 and ’07 and 4 points between ’03 and ’05. Check it out in the upper right hand column NAEP DC snapshot page: http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/stt2011/2012451DC4.pdf

    8th grade math scores increased by the same number of percentage points (6) between ’09 – ’11 as they did between ’07-’09. http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/stt2011/2012451DC8.pdf This is nice but it says nothing about reform, because it’s no different than the rate of increase before reform, which had little effect at the school level until the start of the ‘08-09 school year when Rhee did her first round of principal firing and hiring. Meanwhile, 4th grade math increases are declining since reform and reading scores are not increasing at all – they are flat or declining.

    Eighth grade reading between ’09 and ’11 is completely flat at 242. http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/stt2011/2012454DC8.pdf There was a one point increase between ’07 and ’09 (from 241 to 242). Between ’05 and ’07, before reform came to DC, there was a three point increase (from 238 to 241).

    While reading scores have been creeping upward for years, reform has been no help at all.

    The situation is a bit worse in the 4th grade, where students have been exposed to “reform” since first grade. What officials are calling “flat” for the 4th grade reading scores is actually a one point decline, from 202 in ’09 to 201 in ’11. http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/stt2011/2012454DC4.pdf
    This is pitiful compared to the five point increase (193 to 202) between ’07 and ’09 and the six point increase (191-197) between’05 and ’07 – prior to reform.

    Even in math, where the news is better, DC has “…the nation’s highest proportion of 4th and 8th graders in the “below basic” category–and the lowest in proficient/advanced http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/dc-schools-insider/post/closer-look-puts-dc-naep-math-scores-in-context/2011/11/02/gIQAH8uxfM_blog.html

    For further information the disappointing results of school reform in DC, including the widening of the achievement gap, read here: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/dc-schools-insider/post/naep-results-suggest-long-march-not-turnaround/2011/12/07/gIQAK6BKdO_blog.html#pagebreak

  5. PhillipMarlowe Says:

    Rhee Lies,
    Again

    The dozens and dozens of DCPS schools will great test scores.
    Taken down here:
    http://gfbrandenburg.wordpress.com/2013/01/15/where-are-these-dozens-and-dozens-of-dc-public-schools-with-continued-steady-growth-thanks-to-rhee-henderson/

    and here:
    http://dailyhowler.blogspot.com/2013/01/peddling-rhee-fuzzy-claims-no-actual.html

    And Mr. Rotherham has the chutzpah to go on the PBS online chat and belittle the facts and those who mention them.

    Watch out, future teachers of the …. . Daddy believes it is OK to lie.

  6. PhillipMarlowe Says:

    A reminder from the DailyHowler:
    Just so you’ll know, Rotherham sat on the Virginia state school board in 2006, when we uncovered a statewide scam concerning school-by-school test scores.

    Eventually, the chairman of the state school board acknowledged that this scam had occurred (see THE DAILY HOWLER, 3/23/06). But so what? Even though Virginia is part of the Washington Post’s local news beat, the Post never reported any part of this sad and startling story. Needless to say, the career liberal world just stared into space and tugged on its wieners too.
    http://

  7. PhillipMarlowe Says:

    Another education reformer, Gov Lepage of Maine:
    “LePage caught many in the State House off guard Wednesday when he called a rare news conference to complain that Maine schools are “failing” and that our educators “abuse our children in the classroom by lying to them.”

  8. PhillipMarlowe Says:

    Reason #89 that people are glad that Michelle Rhee is looking out for them:

    But Wednesday’s turnout signaled that getting a new message about education to resonate with parents had been a challenge. Darlene Boston, StudentsFirstNY’s chapter leader in Bedford-Stuyvesant, said some parents have grown accustomed to their local schools’ poor performance.

    “If you have been around mediocrity all the time, it’s hard to understand how bad the situation is,” Boston said.

    http://gothamschools.org/2013/04/18/bed-stuy-rally-shows-studentsfirstnys-organizing-challenges/#more-103310

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